The Babcock served as the Babcock Building, part of the South Carolina State Hospital, until the 1990s. Due to multiple delays, the building took 30 years across three architects: George E. Walker, Gustavus T. Berg, and Samuel Sloan. The first patients were admitted in 1885.
The building contains multiple wings of 3 to 4 stories each, as well as its iconic central cupola.
The Babcock is a great example of Italian Renaissance Revival architecture. At the time it was completed, it was only the third mental care facility in the country. It was recognized on the National Register of Historic Places in 1981.
Clachan Properties bought the property in 2018 and renovations are expected to be completed in 2022. The new Babcock Building will contain 208 apartments and multiple commercial spaces, contributing to the already vibrant Bull Street District.